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Waste

Waste

Transboundary  movement of hazardous wastes is carried out in compliance with the Basel Convention and is regulated in details by  Articles 71, 72 and 73 of the Law on Waste Management (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia” No. 336/2009 and 88/2010). Licenses for cross-border movement of wastes were introduced in Serbia in 1999. Notification system that applies on transboundery movement of hazardous wastes, pursuant to Article 6 of the Basel Convention provides that the exporting state transmits to the importing state and to all states of transit the Notification on Transboudery Movement of Wastes (Notification Document). Transboudery movement of hazardous wastes cannot start before all states involved in its export, import and transit issue the written consent. Every shipment shall be accompanied by the Document on the Movement of Wastes issued by the state of export and the Notification on Transboundery Movement.

 

Transboundery movement of non-hazardous wastes (import, export and transit) is not subject to the system of notification and written consent (notification procedure).

 

Transit of all kinds of non-hazardous wastes is not subject to the license. In conformity with the Regulation on the list of non-hazardous wastes which are not subject to the license, with the documentation accompanying transboudery movement (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia”, No. 102/10), import and export of certain kinds of non-hazardous wastes are not subject to the license.

 

However, the transboudery movement of non-hazardous wastes from this Regulation is accompanied by certain documentation, namely:

  • Document accompanying transboundery movement of non-hazardous wastes;
  • A copy of the contract between the person organizing transboudery movement of non-hazardous wastes and the importer and/or recipient of wastes for treatment;
  • Confirmation of the announcement of transboudery movement of non-hazardous waste to the competent authorities of states involved in the transboudery movement of non-hazardous wastes;
  • Other documentation requested by the competent authorities involved.

Application for the permission for import, export or transit of wastes shall be accompanied by the general and specific documentation in conformity with the Rulebook on the Content of Documentation to be Submitted with the Application for  Issuing License for Import, Export and Transit of Waste (“Official Gazette of the RS” No. 60/09 and 101/10).  An applicant may request the permission, or declare transboundery movement of wastes (import, export and transit) in multiple consignments in the case of wastes having the same physical and chemical characteristics that are shipped to the same destination and via the same customs office.

 

The general documentation includes the following:

  1. For import, export and transit of hazardous wastes:
  • notification on transboundery movement of wastes,
  • document on transboundery movement of wastes  and
  • report on  wastes testing in accordance with the specific regulation;
  1. for import and export of non-hazardous wastes:
  • document accompanying  transboundery  movement of non-hazardous wastes and
  • the report on testing of wastes in accordance with the specific regulation.

Specific documentation for export of hazardous wastes (prescribed by the Rulebook on the content of documentation to be submitted with the application for issuing license for import, export or transit of wastes, “Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia”, No. 60/09 and 101/10) shall include:

  • the contract between the exporter and importer of wastes, valid until the end of the shipment, and providing for obligations in the case in which the wastes that have not been treated as designated are returned to the state  of export;
  • written consent of the importing country and its confirmation that the wastes will be processed or disposed in the environmentally sound way; 
  • written consents of the states of transit of wastes on their itinerary to the point of final destination;
  • declaration of the exporter of waste on the kind, quantity, composition, place and technological process by which the waste is generated, as well as on the reasons of its export;
  • evidence that the exporter and the person transporting the waste is registered to carry out this activity;
  • tariff number from the Customs Tariff, the means of transport and the delivery of the wastes (in a single or multiple consignments);
  • data on the border crossing (customs office) of the exporting state, expected date of the arrival of hazardous wastes at the border crossing, itinerary of the movement of wastes to the border crossing and after the border crossing;
  • evidence on mandatory insurance of hazardous wastes in internal and international transport from the damage caused to third persons, which includes the damage caused by the pollution of the environment;
  • appropriate insurance policy or banking guarantee on the amount needed to cover the expenses of the processing of hazardous wastes without environmental risks;
  • insurance policy of the person transporting the wastes or banking guarantee on the amount needed to cover  the expenses of reinstating or restoring of the environment caused by the damages of packaging during the transportation of wastes. The  competent Ministry shall be entitled to the insured amount or the banking guarantee; 
  • administrative tax.

After obtaining the export license, it is extremely important that exporters of hazardous wastes respect regulations on packaging and labeling, because the consignment may be stopped despite the correct license because of inappropriate packaging and labeling of wastes.

 

Import of hazardous wastes may include only the wastes from the Regulation on Designating Certain  Types of Hazardous Wastes that may  be Imported as Secondary Raw Materials (”Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia”, No. 60/09). 

 

For obtaining a license for import of non-hazardous wastes which are not included in the Regulation on the List of Non-hazardous Wastes not Subject to Licensing, with the Documentation Accompanying Transboundery Movement (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia”, No. 102/10), the following documents shall be submitted:

  • movement document issued by the state of export and the Report on Wastes Testing issued by the authorized laboratory;
  • sales contract for non-hazardous wastes; 
  • contract between the importer and the processor of wastes; 
  • evidence that the exporter, importer and processor of wastes are registered for such activities;
  • statement by the exporter of waste on  the type, quantity, composition, place and technological process by which the waste is generated, as well as on the reasons for its export;
  • statement by the processor of waste on the processing plant capacity and the type of waste to be generated by processing imported waste, as well as on the manner of  its disposal;
  • consent of the competent authority on the assessment of the impact on the environment or its decision on the exemption from the obligation of making the assessment of environmental impact, and/or exemption from  the license for the plant in which the imported waste treatment  will be carried out in accordance with the law;
  • State inspector findings on the implementation of environmental protection measures and compliance with the requirements of the environmental protection for the plant processing imported wastes; 
  • data on tariff number of the Customs Tariff, the means of transport and on the delivery of  wastes
  • data on the border crossing for import of wastes, expected time of the arrival of wastes  at the border crossing and the itinerary of  wastes from the border crossing to the customs office and farther  to the processor;
  • evidence that the administrative fee has been paid.
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